Spring blossoms with colorful flowers. Nature shines with beauty and bounty. Blossoming flowers turn into fruits. Mango, the king of fruits, blossoms in the spring. Spring and summer are the season of mangoes. Mango is used as vegetable and fruit. Mango has been hailed by ancient epics and literatures. Ayurveda, the ancient medical system of India, uses all the parts of mango as remedies for various ailments.
Spring blossoms with mango flowers. Mango, the king of fruits, is hailed as the national fruit of India. Botanically called “mangifera indica”, mango has many names and varieties. Mango is used in various Ayurvedic medicines. Mango is an evergreen tree, found common in tropical countries. Hotter the summer, sweeter becomes the mango fruit.
Mango in the ancient Indian texts
1) Vedic texts name mango as “amra” fruit. Ancient epics of Hinduism, Ramayana and Mahabharata, sing the glory of mango in many places.
2) Vedic Upanishads mention about the medical properties of mango. Ancient Sanskrit scholars Kalidasa and Asvaghosha describe spring blossoming with tender, red shoots of mango leaves and honey-filled flowers, attracting the bees and other insects.
3) Ellora Cave sculptures, belonging to 400 to 500 AD, depict the legendary Jain goddess Ambika sitting under a mango tree. Many paintings of Ellora cave pictures tell the glory of mango tree and its fruits.
4) It has been a traditional practice in India to decorate archways and doors of houses with mango leaves during festivals and auspicious occasions.
5) Ancient Tamil Sangam classics, said to have been written in the pre-Christian era, describe mango in many texts. Mango is mentioned as the tastiest of the three royal fruits. Tamil classics call mango, jackfruit and banana as “mukkani” which means three vital fruits.
Medicinal uses of mango in Ayurveda
1) Ayurveda and Siddha, ancient medical systems of India, give great importance to all the parts of mango tree. The mango fruits, ripe and unripe, have different medicinal values. The flowers, kernel found inside the nut of the fruit and even leaves are used in Ayurvedic medicines.
2) Raw mango tastes sour. It balances all the three humors of the body. Although ripe mango promotes mucuous secretion and increases kapha humor. But it neutralizes vata and pitta and helps digestion. The fiber property in mango relieves constipation.
3) Ayurveda says that ripe mango is effective in increasing hemoglobin in the blood. Hence, it is used in treating diseases such as anemia.
4) Mango is known for its aphrodisiac properties. It rejuvenates male reproductive system and increases quality and quantity of semen. Ripe mango nourishes and strengthens sexual energy called “rakta dhatu”. This vital energy promotes libido and solves erectile dysfunction.
5) Ripe mango increases stamina and body weight. Mango is good for skin. Ripe mango strengthens skin and heals skin diseases.
6) If you break the stalk of the tender mango fruit of the leaves, you will find a milky white juice. The while juice is the sap of mango. It is used in Ayurveda for external applications in treating scabies, psoriasis and insect bites.
7) The mango kernels have astringent effect. The kernels are dried and preserved in as a powder. A teaspoonful of mango kernel powder taken in buttermilk a very excellent remedy for stomach disorders.
Medicinal and culinary uses of the king of fruits are many-fold. In Ayurveda, it is known as a rejuvenating tonic. Today, mango is gaining popularity throughout the globalized world. Spring and summer are the suitable seasons for enjoying this king of fruits.